301 Darts is a popular game played by many people around the world. The game requires skill, precision, and strategy, making it an exciting and challenging pastime. In this article, we will explore the rules of 301 darts, including how to play, scoring, and winning strategies.

To begin with, 301 darts is a game played with three darts per turn. The objective of the game is to be the first player to reach zero points by subtracting the amount scored from the starting total of 301. The game can be played by two or more players, with each player taking turns to throw their darts at the dartboard.

Scoring in 301 darts is simple. The outer ring of the dartboard represents the double points, while the inner ring represents the triple points. The bullseye at the center of the board is worth 50 points, while the outer bullseye is worth 25 points. The scoring system can be a bit confusing at first, but with practice, players can quickly get the hang of it.

## History of 301 Darts

301 Darts is one of the most popular games played in pubs and bars around the world. The game is believed to have originated in the United Kingdom in the late 19th century. It was initially played as a betting game where players would throw three darts each and the player who reached zero first would win.

The game was later modified to include a starting score of 301, and players would have to reduce their score to zero by hitting specific numbers on the dartboard. The game became even more popular in the 1970s with the advent of televised darts tournaments.

Today, 301 darts are played by millions of people worldwide, and there are numerous professional tournaments held throughout the year. The game has also evolved to include various versions, such as 501 darts and 701 darts, which have different starting scores and rules.

Overall, the history of 301 darts is a testament to the enduring popularity of the game, which continues to be enjoyed by players of all ages and skill levels.

## What is the objective of 301 Darts

In 301 darts, the objective is simple: each player starts with 301 points and must reach exactly zero points before their opponent. Players take turns throwing three darts each, subtracting the total from their starting score until they reach zero. The game can be played in singles or doubles, with each player or team taking turns.

The key to winning 301 darts is to strategically aim for high-scoring areas of the dartboard, such as the triple 20, to quickly reduce the starting score. However, players must also be careful not to overshoot their target score, as going below zero will result in a bust and the player’s turn ending with their score remaining the same.

The game can be played in a variety of formats, including best of three, five, seven, or nine legs, with the winner being the first player or team to reach the predetermined number of legs. In professional tournaments, the format can be much longer, with matches lasting up to 13 legs.

Overall, the objective of 301 darts is to strategically reduce the starting score to exactly zero points before the opponent, using skill and precision to hit high-scoring areas of the dartboard while avoiding busts.

## Equipment and Setup

### Dartboard Specifications

The standard 301 dartboard is a circular board made of sisal fibers. The board is divided into 20 numbered sections, each with a corresponding point value. The center of the board is divided into two sections: the inner bullseye, worth 50 points, and the outer bullseye, worth 25 points. The outer edge of the board is divided into a double ring and a triple ring, each with its point value. The double ring is worth double the value of the numbered section it intersects, while the triple ring is worth triple the value.

The official dimensions of a 301 dartboard are as follows:

- Diameter: 18 inches (45.72 cm)
- Thickness: 1.5 inches (3.81 cm)
- Distance from the floor to the center of the bullseye: 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 meters)

### Darts

In 301 darts, each player throws three darts per turn. The darts themselves consist of a metal tip, a barrel, a shaft, and a flight. The barrel is the main body of the dart, where the player grips the dart. The shaft connects the barrel to the flight, which stabilizes the dart in flight.

There is no official weight or length requirement for 301 darts, but most players prefer darts that weigh between 18 and 22 grams and have a length of around 6 inches (15.24 cm). The shape of the barrel can vary as well, with some players preferring a straight barrel and others preferring a barrel with a slight curve.

Before starting a game of 301 darts, players must first set up their dartboard and mark a throwing line on the floor. The throwing line, also known as the oche, should be 7 feet 9.25 inches (2.37 meters) from the face of the dartboard. Players should also ensure that there is adequate lighting and that there are no obstructions in the area where they will be throwing.

## Gameplay Overview

In 301 darts, the objective is to reduce the score from 301 to zero. Each player starts with a score of 301 and takes turns throwing three darts per turn. The score of each dart is subtracted from the player’s current score. The player must hit a double to start scoring and finish the game by hitting a double that brings their score to zero.

If a player scores more points than their remaining score, their turn is considered a bust and they do not score any points for that turn. If a player hits a triple or a double, they get a bonus. For example, if a player scores a triple 20, they subtract 60 from their score. If a player scores a double 20, they subtract 40 from their score.

In addition, if a player hits a single or double bullseye, they get a bonus. A single bullseye scores 25 points and a double bullseye scores 50 points. If a player hits a double bullseye to finish the game, it is known as a “bullseye finish” and is considered a particularly impressive feat.

The game can be played in various formats, including singles, doubles, and team play. In doubles and team play, players take turns throwing darts, alternating between teammates. The first team or player to reach zero wins the game.

Overall, 301 Darts is a simple yet challenging game that requires skill and strategy. Players must carefully plan their shots to maximize their score and work towards achieving a “bullseye finish” to win the game.

## Scoring in 301

### Double-In Rule

In 301 darts, players must start by hitting a double before they can begin scoring points. This is known as the double-in rule. Once a player hits a double, their score will begin to count towards the total of 301. If a player fails to hit a double with their first three darts, their turn will end, and their score will remain at zero.

### Score Calculation

In 301 darts, players start with a score of 301 and must work their way down to zero. Points are scored by hitting the numbered sections of the dartboard. The outer ring of the board is worth double the points of the inner ring, and hitting the bullseye will score either 50 or 25 points, depending on which part of the bullseye is hit.

Players must subtract the number of points they score from their total score of 301. The goal is to reach exactly zero points, and the game can be won by hitting a double that brings the player’s score down to zero.

### Double-Out Rule

In 301 darts, players must hit a double to win the game. This is known as the double-out rule. If a player’s score reaches zero without hitting a double, their score will reset to the score they had before their last turn. They will then have to hit a double to win the game.

It is important to note that if a player’s score goes below zero, their turn will end, and their score will remain at their previous score. For example, if a player has a score of 10 and scores 15 points, their score will be -5. Their turn will end, and their score will remain at 10.

Overall, scoring in 301 darts requires precision, strategy, and a good understanding of the rules. By following the double-in and double-out rules, players can work towards achieving the goal of reaching exactly zero points and winning the game.

## Standard Rules and Regulations

### Order of Play

In 301 darts, each player starts with a score of 301 and takes turns throwing three darts at the board. The player with the highest score throws first, and the game continues until one player reaches exactly zero points.

### Winning the Game

To win the game, a player must reach exactly zero points by hitting a double, which means landing a dart in the outer ring of the board, or the bullseye. If a player goes below zero points, their score resets to the score they had before their last turn. If both players reach zero points in the same round, the player with the lowest score wins.

### Re-Throws and Busts

If a player hits a double, they get to throw again. If a player misses the board entirely or hits a number that would take their score below zero, they “bust” and their turn ends with their score remaining the same. If a player hits a single or triple of a number that would take their score to exactly zero, their turn ends with their score remaining the same.

Overall, these standard rules and regulations are simple, making 301 darts an easy game to pick up and play for players of all skill levels.

## Variations of 301 Darts

### Team Play

In team play, two or more players are divided into teams, and each team takes turns throwing three darts per player per turn. The team’s score is the total of all the darts thrown by all team members. The team that reaches zero first wins the game. Team play can be played with any number of players, but it is typically played with four or more players.

### Alternate Starting and Finishing Rules

In alternate starting and finishing rules, players start with a score other than 301, and the game is won by reaching zero or a predetermined score. For example, in “Double In, Double Out” rules, players must start by hitting a double before they can begin scoring points. Similarly, in “Round the Clock” rules, players must hit each number on the board in order, starting with 1 and ending with 20. Once a player has hit all the numbers, they must hit the bullseye to win the game.

Another variation of 301 darts is “Cut Throat,” where players try to eliminate each other by hitting certain numbers on the board. In this game, players can steal points from their opponents by hitting the same number they are aiming for. The player with the lowest score at the end of each round is eliminated until only one player remains.

Overall, there are many variations of 301 darts that can be played to add variety and excitement to this popular game.

## Strategies for Success

### Targeting Techniques

To be successful in 301 darts, players must have a solid understanding of targeting techniques. One effective technique is to aim for the triple 20, as this will give the player the maximum amount of points per dart. Another technique is to aim for the triple 19, as this will leave the player with a score of 164, which can be finished with two darts. It is also important to aim for the bullseye, as this will give the player 50 points and can be used to finish the game.

### Mental Preparation

In addition to targeting techniques, mental preparation is also crucial for success in 301 darts. Players should remain calm and focused, and avoid becoming distracted by external factors such as noise or movement. It is also important to maintain a positive attitude, even in the face of adversity. Finally, players should take breaks when necessary to avoid becoming fatigued or overwhelmed.

By utilizing these targeting techniques and focusing on mental preparation, players can improve their chances of success in 301 darts.

## Conduct and Etiquette

When playing 301 darts, it is important to follow certain conduct and etiquette rules to ensure a fair and enjoyable game for all players involved. Here are some guidelines to keep in mind:

### 1. Respect the Players and the Game

Players should show respect to their opponents by refraining from any behavior that could be considered rude or distracting. This includes shouting, taunting, or making any other unnecessary noise during the game. Players should also avoid touching their opponents’ darts or interfering with their throws in any way.

### 2. Follow the Scoring Rules

Players should be familiar with the scoring rules of 301 darts and ensure that they are following them correctly. This includes properly marking the score on the scoreboard after each throw and announcing the score before the next player takes their turn.

### 3. Take Turns Fairly

Players should take turns throwing their darts in a fair and orderly manner. They should not skip their turn or take extra turns without permission from the other players. If a player accidentally throws their dart out of turn, they should forfeit that turn and allow the other player to take their turn.

### 4. Be Mindful of Safety

Players should always be mindful of safety when playing 301 darts. They should never throw their darts in the direction of other players or spectators, and they should ensure that the area around the dartboard is clear of any obstructions or hazards.

By following these guidelines, players can ensure that they are playing a fair and enjoyable game of 301 darts.

## Organizing 301 Darts Competitions

### Tournament Formats

There are several tournament formats that can be used for organizing 301 darts competitions. One popular format is the double elimination tournament, where each player has to lose twice before being eliminated from the tournament. Another format is the round-robin tournament, where each player plays against every other player in the tournament. The player with the most wins at the end of the tournament is declared the winner.

### Official Scoring and Judging

In 301 darts competitions, the official scoring is done by subtracting the score of each dart from the starting score of 301 until the score reaches zero. The player who reaches zero first, or has the lowest score after a predetermined number of rounds, is declared the winner.

The judging of the game is typically done by an official referee who ensures that the rules are being followed and that the game is played fairly. The referee is responsible for making sure that the players are throwing from the correct distance, that the darts are landing in the correct areas of the dartboard, and that the game is played according to the agreed-upon rules.

Overall, organizing a 301 darts competition requires careful planning and attention to detail. By using the appropriate tournament format and ensuring that the official scoring and judging is done correctly, players can enjoy a fair and competitive game of darts.

## Maintaining Equipment

To ensure a good game of 301 darts, it is important to maintain the equipment properly. This includes the dartboard, darts, and any additional accessories.

### Dartboard

The dartboard should be hung securely on the wall and checked regularly for any damage. If the board becomes damaged, it should be replaced immediately to ensure fair play. Additionally, the board should be rotated regularly to prevent excessive wear on any one section.

### Darts

Darts should be checked before each game to ensure that they are in good condition. This includes checking for any damage to the flights or tips. If any damage is found, the dart should be replaced. Additionally, the tips should be sharpened regularly to ensure that they stick properly in the board.

### Accessories

Any additional accessories, such as scoreboards or chalkboards, should be kept clean and in good condition. This includes regularly erasing chalk marks and cleaning the board with a damp cloth. It is also important to ensure that there is adequate lighting in the playing area to prevent eye strain and ensure accurate throws.

By maintaining the equipment properly, players can ensure a fair and enjoyable game of 301 darts.

### What is the double out rule in 301 darts?

The double out rule in 301 darts means that a player must hit a double to win the game. For example, if a player has 32 points left, they must hit a double 16 to win. If a player hits a single 16, they will have 16 points left and will need to try for a double 8 on their next turn.

### Is the bullseye worth 50 points in 301 darts?

Yes, in 301 darts, the bullseye is worth 50 points. However, hitting the bullseye does not count as a double or a triple, so players cannot win the game by hitting the bullseye alone.

### What are the basic rules for beginners playing 301 darts?

The basic rules for beginners playing 301 darts are to start with a score of 301 and to try to reduce that score to zero by hitting the numbered sections on the dartboard. Players must hit a double to win the game and must finish on a double. Players take turns throwing three darts each until one player reaches zero.

### How does scoring work in a game of 301 darts?

In 301 darts, players start with a score of 301 and take turns throwing three darts each. The score for each turn is calculated by adding up the points scored on each dart. The score is then subtracted from the player’s total score. The game is won by the first player to reduce their score to zero by hitting a double.

### What is the minimum number of darts required to win in 301?

The minimum number of darts required to win in 301 is nine. This means that a player could win the game by hitting three triple 20s in a row, followed by a double 20 to finish.

### What happens in the event of a tie in 301 darts?

In the event of a tie in 301 darts, players will continue to play until one player wins by hitting a double. If both players are unable to hit a double after several rounds, a sudden death leg will be played to determine the winner.